Deep, surface, and strategic learning with online lectures
The terms deep, surface and strategic learning refer not to students themselves but to the different approaches they adopt. At times the same students can and do adopt different approaches to learning in different courses and even for demands within a single course (Felder & Brent, 2005). An argument in the literature states that students have distinctive “approaches to learning and studying” which are highly influenced by the expectations of their academic programs, assessment procedures and instructors (Marchetti, 1997). This suggests that encouraging students to practice application of the content and introducing active learning strategies such as those found in the inquiry approach to learning will support them in adopting a deep approach to learning.
Much of the research conducted on approaches to learning has been on traditional face-to-face educational environments. Our research focuses on extending an understanding of the approaches to learning to educational technology, and on how online learning information literacy modules support students’ learning and the approaches they take to learning.
Authors: Jason Brodeur, John Maclachlan, Catherine Swanson